Calcium, often referred to as the building block of our bodies, plays a crucial role in our overall health. Its significance extends beyond merely keeping our bones strong; it is an indispensable element that fuels the development of our skeletal system, aiding in the attainment of remarkable heights, particularly in children. In case you find yourself in the dark about the wonders of calcium, fear not. This article is your beacon of knowledge, shedding light on calcium and its pivotal role in our bodies, especially when it comes to achieving impressive stature. Join us as we delve into the depths of this essential mineral, courtesy of Debametulam.com, and embark on a journey to better comprehend the profound impact of calcium on our height and overall well-being.
What is calcium?
Calcium accounts for 1.5 – 2% of body weight and 99% of calcium exists in bones, nails and in the blood is 1%. The role of calcium is to combine with phosphorus to form the basic components of bones and teeth and help them become stronger.
In the body, calcium exists in two forms, inside the bone and outside the bone. Inside the bones, calcium makes up the chemical composition of bones, including 25% water, 20% protein, 5% lipids, a small amount of glycosaminoglycans, nearly 50% minerals, of which most minerals are calcium salts. The calcium outside the bone is in the extracellular fluid no more than 10g. External calcium participates in blood clotting and nerve activity.
Calcium not only contributes to bone growth, but it also helps maintain muscle activity, stimulates circulation, sends signals to nerve cells, and regulates hormones in the body. Calcium is an indispensable element for the body of both adults and children. In particular, parents who want their children to grow up should focus on providing the right and sufficient calcium for the child’s body.
Outstanding things about calcium
- Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body. It is needed for bone health and the normal functioning of the cardiovascular, muscular, and nervous systems, among many other important roles.
- Only one percent of calcium is found circulating in our bodies, while 99 percent is stored in our bones. Stores of calcium are released from our bones when more is needed.
- The human body doesn’t contain enough calcium to function on its own, so getting calcium through our diets is an essential part of nutrition and healthy eating.
- Vitamin D helps absorb and maintain calcium.
Calcium is the most abundant mineral found in our bodies and performs many important roles. It is needed for bone health, cardiovascular and muscle function, and nervous system signaling. Calcium also acts as a coenzyme for many metabolic processes in the body. Calcium is usually most closely associated with the skeletal system, as it is important for the development and maintenance of bone structure and function. Ninety-nine percent of all the calcium in our bodies is stored in the bones, which act as a calcium storehouse, releasing more minerals when needed. Only one percent of body calcium is found outside the skeletal system; This amount is regulated by the body and remains stable and does not fluctuate with changes in calcium levels.
Our bodies cannot produce calcium on their own, so we need to get the necessary amount of calcium through our diet. Food sources of calcium include dairy products, cruciferous vegetables, and nutrient-fortified foods like juices and cereals. Calcium is also available as a supplement. Vitamin D plays an important role in absorbing calcium from the digestive tract, so it’s important to get adequate amounts of both nutrients to support optimal health.
The role of calcium with increasing height
To have an ideal height, calcium supplements are essential. For children, calcium is essential to help the skeletal system develop and increase height. If the child’s skeleton is like a house, calcium is the cement that makes the house more solid. If the child has a strong and supple skeleton, it will help the body to be healthy, thereby achieving a tall stature when grown up.
Children are tall because their bones grow long and big thanks to the process of ossification, which is the transition from cartilage to bone. For this process to take place, calcium and phosphorus are required to participate in this metabolism. When the body has provided enough calcium and phosphorus, this ossification process can form. However, in order to transfer calcium to the bones, many other minerals are needed.
First, vitamin D3 will be converted to the active form calcitriol, which will form the basic substance in the bones to stimulate the production of osteocalcin. Osteocalcin will sit on the surface of the bone and help bring calcium into the bone. However, osteocalcin needs vitamin K2 to be eligible to put calcium into bones, and calcium also needs collagen type 2 to stick to help bones grow long and big.
Amount of calcium needed per day
The amount of calcium needed by the body is determined based on its correlation with phosphorus. This ratio is usually >0.8 and preferably 1 – 1.5. The need for calcium will vary depending on age, sex, and health status. Specifically, calcium needs by age will be as follows:
- Children under 6 months need 300mg/day
- Children 6-11 months old need 400mg/day
- Children 1-3 years old need 500mg/day
- Children 4-6 years old need 600mg/day
- Children 6-9 years old need 700mg/day
- Adolescent males 10-18 years old need 1000mg/day
- Teenage girls 10-18 years old need 1000mg/day
- Men 19 – 49 years old need 700mg/day
- Men aged 50 and over need 1000mg/day
- Female 19 – 49 years old need 700mg/day
- Females 50 years and older need 1000mg/day
- Pregnant women need 1000mg/day during pregnancy
- Breastfeeding women need 1000mg/day
Signs of calcium deficiency
Calcium plays an important role in the process of increasing the height of children . Therefore, calcium deficiency will greatly affect not only height but also health. If your child has the following symptoms, it shows that he is deficient in calcium and needs to see a doctor immediately for timely calcium supplementation treatment.
Children have difficulty falling asleep and sleep is not deep. This is the cause of calcium deficiency because calcium is involved in regulating the balance between the excitatory and inhibitory states of the cerebral cortex. Calcium is involved in the release of neurotransmitters. Therefore, if calcium deficiency, the ability to transmit signals of the nervous system, the cerebral cortex will be in a state of excitement and make it difficult for children to fall asleep or not sleep well at night.
Children with calcium deficiency will sweat at night on the forehead, neck, back, nape or folklore known as night sweats. This is the cause of the child’s body deficiency of calcium and vitamin D.
If calcium deficiency, children often experience pain in the limbs or cramps, especially in the feet, copper tubes. At this time, the amount of calcium in the body is not enough will make the bone system weak and make the baby’s body inflexible.
If you see your baby hiccups or spitting up milk often, it could mean that your baby is calcium deficient. Lack of calcium, the child’s body also has spasms of the larynx, stomach, difficulty breathing … All these symptoms lead to hiccups, regurgitation of milk.
Another sign is that children with calcium deficiency will have slow cognition, deformed joints, slow growth of teeth or tooth decay.
Harm of calcium deficiency
The first harmful effect of calcium deficiency is making children stunted, strongly affecting height in adulthood. At the golden stage to develop height, if calcium deficiency, children will have rickets, delayed teething, deformed skeleton, rib cage, skull, pelvis (this greatly affects the child’s future birth). girls)… If children are severely deficient in calcium, they will be irritable, unable to concentrate, even leading to convulsions.
Adult calcium deficiency condition is also very dangerous. Bone weight decreased but bone resorption increased. Lack of calcium will lead to a weak nervous system that makes you forgetful and headaches. Bones can be spongy, osteoporosis, high blood pressure. Hypocalcemia is also caused by calcium deficiency. Mild symptoms of this disease are numbness of fingertips, feet, lips, tongue … and severe will occur muscle contraction, limbs shrinking, stiffening, shortness of breath …
How to add calcium?
Milk is one of the foods rich in calcium. In addition to milk, you can use dairy products such as yogurt, cheese, ice cream, etc. also contain good calcium for the body. However, it is not advisable to add too much milk, leading to obesity, excess nutrients, not to mention many cases of milk allergy, and drinking milk with indigestion should also be limited.
Soybeans contain a lot of calcium, they have up to 400mg/110g and the calcium in soy is easy to absorb. Soy products are also a great source of calcium for the body, typically tofu. In 60g tofu contains 250mg calcium.
Green vegetables such as kale, lettuce, broccoli, cabbage … are a source of calcium you should not ignore.
In addition to calcium supplements through foods used daily, you can also use other calcium supplements. When using, you need to pay attention to the calcium component in that drug.
Usually there are 4 forms: Calcium carbonate (40% elemental calcium), Calcium citrate (21% elemental calcium), Calcium gluconate (9% elemental calcium), Calcium lactate (13% elemental calcium). In which Calcium carbonate and Calcium citrate are two commonly used types.
Do not use too much will lead to many unpredictable side effects. Do not forget to add vitamin D to enhance the absorption of calcium into the body. Magnesium is also essential for the absorption of calcium into the body. If you take 1000mg of calcium per day, the amount of magnesium you need will be 500mg.
In particular, if you have added calcium, you should choose calcium in nano form that will be easier to absorb, limiting side effects, and do not forget to add collagen type 2 to optimize the process of new bone formation.
Calcium is essential for the skeletal system and height growth. Therefore, providing calcium for the body is an important thing that parents should pay attention to. It is necessary to find out information about calcium as well as effective and safe ways to supplement calcium so that children’s height is best developed.